Durophagy is technically the adaptations involving consuming foods that require crushing. At small scales, this can include insects, while at larger scales (where insects wouldn’t be consumed) this typically involves: cracking nuts, eating eggs, cracking crustacean or mollusk shells, etc. One of the most interesting durophages out there are the placodonts, but in the absence of any pretty pictures I’ve done recently of a placodont, here’s the next best thing: the durophagous mosasaur, Globidens dakotensis.
I lack the material to adequately discuss Globidens dakotensis here, but fortunately I don’t have to as Mike Everhart has done much on this behalf, especially as he’s seen virtually all of the material personally. Check it out. Most important among the material is the holotype (FMNH PR846), a nearly complete skull.
Globidens dakotensis Russell (1975) is actually the second species of Globidens, with alabamensis being the first and type (Gilmore, 1912), also based on a rostral dentary (USNM V6527).
This illustration is done to sketch out a durophage skull for my header (seen above), which is actually a crop of a larger image:
But there’s also a “mouth closed” version, to show how the skull would look in profile as it typically might have seemed were it just merrily swimming about minding its own business.
Gilmore, C. W. 1912. A new mosasauroid reptile from the Cretaceous of Alabama. Proceedings of the United states National Museum 40(1870):489-484.
Russell, D. A. 1975. A new species of Globidens from South Dakota. Fieldiana Geology 33(13):235-256.