Category Archives: Paleobiology

Muscles and Style


Look at the surface of an animal, you will see what the animal looks like. Look beneath the surface, you will see why it looks that way. I’ve done a few musculature studies of fossil animals over the years, and … Continue reading

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What To Do With Crests – Updated


Yesterday — on April 1st, which is about as warning bells as they come — I uploaded a post with a host of new art. This post is as much an admission that that post, somewhat subtly, is a joke. … Continue reading

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What To Do With Crests


Over the course of looking at the new specimen of Edmontosaurus (Bell et al., 2014) sporting an odd accretion, I had an epiphany: The “cock’s comb” was, in fact, merely a segment of the neck, falsely and purposely isolated by … Continue reading

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The Emaciated Tyrannosaur – a Reply to Ford, 1997


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A Skull For Rhamphorhynchus, Part Two


My last post on Rhamphorhynchus muensteri‘s skull elicited some dialogue on the dietary preferences one might infer from looking at Rhamphorhynchus‘s skull. This was done regardless of the preservation of gut remains or implied habitus. In preparation of a larger … Continue reading

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The Good, the Bad and the Spinosaurus


So, after about a year I figured I’d get around to completing this. Truth was, I got distracted by other research, personal stuff, and little motivation to work on the project I was doing this is connected to. Namely, I … Continue reading

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Something About Overbites


Some animals have overbites. it’s fairly common enough that animals (and humans) are born where the upper and lower dentition do not precisely match. Sometimes this alignment can be severe and affects diet. Other times, it is hardly noticeable. But … Continue reading

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Jaws, Jaws, and More Jaws!


Just a summary, without much in the way of commentary, until I have a chance to more thoroughly engage these papers: 1. The Beak Bites Back

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Wrench in the Works of Head Attitude


The orientation of the head for standardized anatomical comparison is important for biological and paleontological analysis. It influences anatomical direction, description, the relationship of soft-tissue, study of behaviors such as feeding by the orientation of muscles versus gravity, and so … Continue reading

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Pneumatic Air Sacs in Dinosaurs


Following all that work I’ve been doing on anatomy in oviraptorids, it should not come as a surprise that I am looking for ways to effectively represent this amassed data in digestible chunks. I don’t always want to write novellas … Continue reading

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