Category Archives: Biological Comparison

Toothed Birds


It soars over the tossing waves on enormous, outspread wings. With nary a flap, the bird is soaring dynamically high above the ocean, its eyes scanning the sky around it and sea below. It may seem unremarkable to us today: … Continue reading

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A Short Piece on Piscivores – Not All The Same


So you think you know a piscivore if you saw one? Not so fast. Take a look: Piscivores come in a large array of sizes and morphologies. Not all have teeth. Some are slender-snouted, others broad. What mostly defines a … Continue reading

Posted in Biological Comparison, Biology, Paleoecology, Paleontology, Terminology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 12 Comments

The Journey of Banguela


The life of a pterosaur cannot be easy. Most occur in places where there is always a larger predator; even the giants Quetzalcoatlus and Hatzegopterus may have co-occurred with other predators that would have seen them as food. From hatching … Continue reading

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Whether Shrink-wrapping


Shrink-wrapping is a process by which a thin film is stretched taut over an object. The closer the film to the object, the tighter the two conform. The term applies the same way when it comes to paleontological reconstruction of … Continue reading

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The Emaciated Tyrannosaur – a Reply to Ford, 1997


Posted in Biological Comparison, Biology, Paleobiology, Paleontology, Reconstruction | Tagged , , , , , , , | 28 Comments

A Saw in the Jaw of a Sea-God


The Devonian was a time of wonder and mystique. The Age of Fishes, it capped the rise of vertebrates and heralded the rise of skeletal diversity. Fish in this age began to inch towards the shore; some would have crawled … Continue reading

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Wrench in the Works of Head Attitude


The orientation of the head for standardized anatomical comparison is important for biological and paleontological analysis. It influences anatomical direction, description, the relationship of soft-tissue, study of behaviors such as feeding by the orientation of muscles versus gravity, and so … Continue reading

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